Experimental Evaluation of Camouflage Effectiveness in the Thermal Infrared
Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium TNO
The detectability of a target ln the infrared spectral region ls determined by differences between the radiative stignatures of the target and the local background. This implies that both, the difference in surface temperature and emissivity ^T resp. ^€ and the distribution of these differences over the target area and the background, are of major importance. Therefore camouflage measures have to address both issues in order to achieve maximum signature adaptation to the background. To determine the ability of a camouflage material to follow temperature changes in the background, measurements of camouflage and background temperatures have to be performed under a variety of meteorologlcal conditions. Measurements of representative weather- and background conditions are needed to determine those situations, where the camouflage material effectively reduces the target signature. The degree of temperature reduction depends on the required level of protection, that is for detection, recognition and identificatlon. Statistical analyses are given for various camouflage materials in relation to a number of background elements. Camouflage effectiveness is expresseditn the percentage of time for which the apparent temperature contrast between the camouflage material and a background element is l'C, 2'C or 5'C. Analyses are performed for five consecutive weeks of measurements in summer and winter, using data which were taken during a measurement campaign at Gilze Rijen air force base in 1990.
To reference this document use:
AGARD Conference Proceedings on Atmospheric Propagation Effects through Natural and Man-Made Obscurants for Visible to MM-Wave Radiation - Papers presented at the EWP Panel Symposium, held in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 17-20 May 1993, 9/1-9/10