Differences between serum polar lipid profiles of male and female rheumatoid arthritis patients in response to glucocorticoid treatment
van Wietmarschen, H.
van der Greef, J.
Objective As there are pharmacological differences between males and females, and glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality rate in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, it is important to study serum polar lipid profiles of male and female patients in response to GC therapy. Gender differences may require an adjustment to the treatment strategy for a selection of patients. Methods Serum samples from 281 RA patients were analysed using a targeted lipidomics platform. The differences in GC use and gender on polar lipid profiles were cross sectionally examined by multiple linear regressions, while correcting for confounding factors. Results Differences in polar lipids between GC users and non-GC users in females and males were merely restricted to lysophospholipids (lysophosphatidylcholines and lysophosphatidylethanolamines). Lysophospholipids in female patients treated with GCs were significantly higher than female patients not treated with GCs (p = 6.0 E-6), whereas no significant difference was observed in male GC users versus non-users (p = 0.397). Conclusion The lysophospholipid profiles in response to GCs were significantly different between male and female RA patients, which may have implications for the cardiovascular risk of GC treatment.
ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences
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MSB - Microbiology and Systems Biology
Inflammopharmacology, 24 (24), 397-402