Print Email Facebook Twitter Self-reported and measured weight, height and body mass index (BMI) in Italy, the Netherlands and North America Title Self-reported and measured weight, height and body mass index (BMI) in Italy, the Netherlands and North America Author Krul, A.J. Daanen, H.A.M. Choi, H. Publication year 2011 Abstract Background: Self-reported values of height and weight are used increasingly despite warnings that these data - and derived body mass index (BMI) values - might be biased. The present study investigates whether differences between self-reported and measured values are the same for populations from different regions, and the influences of gender and age. Methods: Differences between self-reported and measured weights, heights and resulting BMIs are compared for representative samples of the adult population of Italy, the Netherlands and North America. Results: We observed that weight is under-reported (1.1 ± 2.6 kg for females and 0.4 ± 3.1 kg for males) and height over-reported (1.1 ± 2.2 cm for females and 1.7 ± 2.1 cm for males), in accordance with the literature. This leads to an overall underestimation of BMI values (0.7 ± 1.2 kg/m2 or 2.8 for females and 0.6 ± 1.1 kg/m2 or 2.3 for males). When BMI values are assigned to four categories (from 'underweight' to 'obesity'), 11.2 of the females and 12.0 of the males are categorized too low when self-reported weights and heights are used, with an extreme of 17.2 for Italian females. Older people tend to relatively over-report height and under-report weight, but the magnitude differs between countries and gender. Conclusion: We conclude that, apart from a general overestimation of height and underestimation of weight resulting in an underestimation of BMI, substantial differences are observed between countries, between females and males and between age groups. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved. Subject HumanPCS - Perceptual and Cognitive SystemsBSS - Behavioural and Societal SciencesHealthanthropometryBMIheightself-reportweight To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:b78ad7a5-dd58-492c-994e-19de2950b922 DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckp228 TNO identifier 434674 ISSN 1101-1262 Source European Journal of Public Health, 21 (4), 414-419 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.