Print Email Facebook Twitter Nineteenth-century stone protection: The invention and early rewsearch on fluosilicates and their dispersion into Europe Title Nineteenth-century stone protection: The invention and early rewsearch on fluosilicates and their dispersion into Europe Author Nijland, T.G. Quist, W.J. Contributor Wouters, I. (editor) van de Voorde, S. (editor) Bertels, I. (editor) Espion, B. (editor) de Jonge, K. (editor) Zastavi, D. (editor) Publication year 2018 Abstract The nineteenth century. with its industrialization and confidence in science. sees the introduction of a wide range of synthetic products for the protection (waterproofing, consolidation) of porous building materials such as stone. brick, mortar and piaster, including fluosilicates (fluates) ethyl-silicates. waterglass, Ba-hydroxides and many more. rapidly replacing the traditional limewater and lin-seed oil. Especially fluates, invented by Jacques Louis Kessler who changed German-occupied Lorraine for Clermont-Ferrand deeper in France. rapidly spread over Europe. Several early material scientists, like Ludwig von Tetmajer and Hans Hauenschild, performed experiments studying the effect. Especially Hauenschild was instrumental in the spread of the use of fluates. That is why. in later years, in addition to the original Kessler fluates they were called Hauenschildfluates. This paper provides a brief background on the chemical engineer Kessler. discusses early research on the effect of fluates and their introduction in The Netherlands. Subject Buildings and InfrastructuresArchitecture and Building2015 UrbanisationLate 19th-first half 20th CenturyNorthwest and central EuropeFacadesFluosilicateKessler To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:b2405fd9-31d3-474c-8824-8d3cf19c0aa4 TNO identifier 814203 Publisher CRC Press, Leiden ISBN 9781138332355 Source Building Knowledge, Constructing Histories, 999-1004 Document type bookPart Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.