GLP-1 Receptor Activation Inhibits VLDL Production and Reverses Hepatic Steatosis by Decreasing Hepatic Lipogenesis in High-Fat-Fed APOE*3-Leiden Mice
Schröder-Van der Elst, J.P.
Objective: In addition to improve glucose intolerance, recent studies suggest that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonism also decreases triglyceride (TG) levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of GLP-1 receptor agonism on very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG production and liver TG metabolism. Experimental Approach: The GLP-1 peptide analogues CNTO3649 and exendin-4 were continuously administered subcutaneously to high fat diet-fed APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice. After 4 weeks, hepatic VLDL production, lipid content, and expression profiles of selected genes involved in lipid metabolism were determined. Results: CNTO3649 and exendin-4 reduced fasting plasma glucose (up to -30% and -28% respectively) and insulin (-43% and -65% respectively). In addition, these agents reduced VLDL-TG production (-36% and -54% respectively) and VLDL-apoB production (-36% and -43% respectively), indicating reduced production of VLDL particles rather than reduced lipidation of apoB. Moreover, they markedly decreased hepatic content of TG (-39% and -55% respectively), cholesterol (-30% and -55% respectively), and phospholipids (-23% and -36% respectively), accompanied by down-regulation of expression of genes involved in hepatic lipogenesis (Srebp-1c, Fasn, Dgat1) and apoB synthesis (Apob). Conclusion: GLP-1 receptor agonism reduces VLDL production and hepatic steatosis in addition to an improvement of glycemic control. These data suggest that GLP-receptor agonists could reduce hepatic steatosis and ameliorate dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. © 2012 Parlevliet et al.
EELS - Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences
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MHR - Metabolic Health Research
PLoS ONE, 7 (7)