Towards a National Research Agenda and Risk Toolbox for Mining Effects in The Netherlands
van Gessel, S.F.
van Thienen-Visser, K.
Mining activities in the Netherlands remain vital for the supply of energy and to a lesser extend for industrial resources. The main mining activities in the Netherlands, from the present and the past, have been: coal mining, rock salt mining, gas production and storage, oil production, and geothermal energy production. Although gas production - being a dominant mining activity over the past 60 years - steadily declines, there is an expected increase of new and diversifying activities in the Netherlands such as energy production using geothermal sources. Exploration, production, deployment and abandonment of mining activities may be associated with effects, such as induced seismicity, surface deformation, leakage and facility hazards. Over the past years, risks and impacts from mining effects have resulted in an accelerated increase of societal concerns and anxiety fuelling political debates in the Netherlands.
Geological Survey Netherlands
To reference this document use:
TNO 2019 R10375