Windows and glazing systems exposed to explosion loads: Part 1 – Lethality and hazard assessment
van Doormaal, J.C.A.M.
TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Research into window behaviour under explosion loads and the possibilities to protect against the hazards of window failure has been carried out at the University of the German Armed Forces, Munich, FOI the Swedish Defence Research Agency andTNO Defence, Security and Safety. In this joint paper, the work of the three institutes is presented and combined. The authors present extended calculation methods for all kinds of glazing materials taking account of different failure modes. The hazard quantification in terms of fragment mass and velocity is also included in the method, which is based on and validated with blast simulator tests. Quantification of lethality due to glass breakage is attempted with the aid of BEC and Glastop, in combination with theories and standards from Kummer and ESTC (Ministry of Defence Explosives Storage and Transport Committee, UK) and tests done in the Swedish blast tunnel for verification.
To reference this document use:
CRC Press, Boca Raton
COST ACTION C26, Urban Habitat Constructions under Catastrophic Events. Proceedings of the Final Conference, Naples, Italy, 16-18 September 2010, 133-138