Print Email Facebook Twitter Distinguishing symptom dimensions of depression and anxiety: An integrative approach Title Distinguishing symptom dimensions of depression and anxiety: An integrative approach Author den Hollander-Gijsman, M.E. Wardenaar, K.J. de Beurs, E. van der Wee, N.J.A. Mooijaart, A. van Buuren, S. Zitman, F.G. Publication year 2012 Abstract Background: Clark and Watson developed the tripartite model in which a symptom dimension of 'negative affect' covers common psychological distress that is typically seen in anxious and depressed patients. The 'positive affect' and 'somatic arousal' dimensions cover more specific symptoms. Although the model has met much support, it does not cover all relevant anxiety symptoms and its negative affect dimension is rather unspecific. Therefore, we aimed to extend the tripartite model in order to describe more specific symptom patterns with unidimensional measurement scales. Method: 1333 outpatients provided self report data. To develop an extended factor model, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted in one part of the data (n = 578). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted in the second part (n = 755), to assess model-fit and comparison with other models. Rasch analyses were done to investigate the unidimensionality of the factors. Results: EFA resulted in a 6-factor model: feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, somatic arousal, anxious apprehension, phobic fear and tension. CFA in the second sample showed that a 6-factor model with a hierarchical common severity factor fits the data better than alternative 1- and 3-factor models. Rasch analyses showed that each of the factors and the total of factors can be regarded as unidimensional measurement scales. Limitations: The model is based on a restricted symptom-pool: more dimensions are likely to exist. Conclusion: The extended tripartite model describes the clinical state of patients more specifically. This is relevant for both clinical practice and research. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Subject HumanLS - Life StyleBSS - Behavioural and Societal SciencesHealthy for LifeHealthy LivingAnxietyDepressionDimensional psychopathologyOutpatientsTripartite model To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:95a96bfb-4ef3-458f-bcc6-429e63654a3f DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.10.005 TNO identifier 446881 ISSN 0165-0327 Source Journal of Affective Disorders, 136 (3), 693-701 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.