Print Email Facebook Twitter Inflammation and nutritional science for programs/policies and interpretation of research evidence (INSPIRE) Title Inflammation and nutritional science for programs/policies and interpretation of research evidence (INSPIRE) Author Raiten, D.J. Sakr Ashour, F.A. Ross, A.C. Meydani, S.N. Dawson, H.D. Stephensen, C.B. Brabin, B.J. Suchdev, P.S. van Ommen, B. Ahluwalia, N. Ahmed, T. Allen, L. Beck, M. Blanchard, H. Brindle, E. Brown, K. Calder, P. Checkley, W. Claycombe, K. Coles, C. Esamai, F. Friis, H. Gardner, E. Grinspoon, S. Guerrant, R. Hellerstein, M. Hunt, J. King, J. Klasing, K. Kramer, B. Koski, K. Northrop-Clewes, C. Pfeiffer, C. Prentice, A. Ramirez-Zea, M. van Rheenan, P. Rink, L. Srinivasa, S. Benn, C.S. Stephensen, C. Suchdev, P. Sullivan, K. Thurnham, D. Varadhan, R. Van Der Ven, A. Walston, J. Xia, J. Publication year 2015 Abstract An increasing recognition has emerged of the complexities of the global health agenda-specifically, the collision of infections and noncommunicable diseases and the dual burden of over- and undernutrition. Of particular practical concern are both 1) the need for a better understanding of the bidirectional relations between nutritional status and the development and function of the immune and inflammatory response and 2) the specific impact of the inflammatory response on the selection, use, and interpretation of nutrient biomarkers. The goal of the Inflammation and Nutritional Science for Programs/Policies and Interpretation of Research Evidence (INSPIRE) is to provide guidance for those users represented by the global food and nutrition enterprise. These include researchers (bench and clinical), clinicians providing care/treatment, those developing and evaluating programs/interventions at scale, and those responsible for generating evidence-based policy. The INSPIRE process included convening 5 thematic working groups (WGs) charged with developing summary reports around the following issues: 1) basic overview of the interactions between nutrition, immune function, and the inflammatory response; 2) examination of the evidence regarding the impact of nutrition on immune function and inflammation; 3) evaluation of the impact of inflammation and clinical conditions (acute and chronic) on nutrition; 4) examination of existing and potential new approaches to account for the impact of inflammation on biomarker interpretation and use; and 5) the presentation of new approaches to the study of these relations. EachWGwas tasked with synthesizing a summary of the evidence for each of these topics and delineating the remaining gaps in our knowledge. This review consists of a summary of the INSPIRE workshop and the WG deliberations. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition. Subject LifeMSB - Microbiology and Systems BiologyELSS - Earth, Life and Social SciencesBiomedical InnovationBiologyHealthy LivingAssessment of micronutrient biomarkersBOND and inflammation/infectionImmune function and nutrientsInflammation and nutritionNutrition biomarkersAlbuminAlpha tocopherolAntiinflammatory agentBiological markerC reactive proteinCalcitoninCyanocobalaminFolic acidHemoglobinImmunoglobulin enhancer binding proteinInterleukin 2Interleukin 6IodineIronNonsteroid antiinflammatory agentProcalcitoninRetinoic acidRetinolSteroidTumor necrosis factorTumor necrosis factor alphaVitamin DVitamin D deficiencyVitamin supplementationZincAcute phase responseAcute stressAdaptive immunityAnemiaAsthmaCell activityChronic inflammationChronic obstructive lung diseaseChronic stressDNA polymorphismDrug exposureEnteropathyEpigeneticsEvidence based practiceFetus diseaseHealth care policyHealth programImmune responseImmune systemInfant diseaseInflammationInflammatory diseaseInnate immunityIron deficiencyLeukocyteMalariaMalnutritionMastitisMedical researchMeta analysis (topic)Mixed infectionMulticenter study (topic)Muscle atrophyNon communicable diseaseNonhumanNutrientNutritional scienceNutritional statusObesityOrganizational structureOxidative stressParasitosisPhase 1 clinical trial (topic)Point of care testingPractice guidelinePregnancy complicationPregnancy outcomePrematurityProtein calorie malnutritionRandomized controlled trial (topic)Regulatory T lymphocyteResearch priorityRetinol deficiencyRisk assessmentSignal transductionStuntingSystematic review (topic)UnderweightZinc deficiency To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:9363707e-48f8-4811-a284-2f775e3febea DOI https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.194571 TNO identifier 526101 ISSN 0022-3166 Source Journal of Nutrition, 145 (5), 1039S-1108S Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.