Print Email Facebook Twitter Examination of long-lasting parental concern after false-positive results of neonatal hearing screening Title Examination of long-lasting parental concern after false-positive results of neonatal hearing screening Author van der Ploeg, C.P.B. Lanting, C.I. de Kauffman-Boer, M.A. Uilenburg, N.N. de Ridder-Sluiter, J.G. Verkerk, P.H. TNO Kwaliteit van Leven KvL Publication year 2008 Abstract Objective: To investigate whether false-positive outcomes on neonatal hearing screening cause long-lasting parental concerns. Methods: A general population of parents whose children had participated in the universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS) programme were examined. Parents filled out a questionnaire 6 months after UNHS. Outcomes were compared for all parents whose child tested positive or inconclusive in at least one of three tests but afterwards proved not to have hearing impairment (cases, n = 154| and a random sample of parents whose child passed the first test (controls, n = 288). Parental anxiety as measured with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), attitude towards the child (child health rating and experienced problems) and sensitivity to hearing problems were measured. Results: Median STAI score was equal for cases and controls. Parental attitudes toward the child also did not differ. The difference in the proportion of parents who worried about their child's hearing was statistically significant between cases and controls (p = 0.001) and varied with the number of screens; 4% of controls were worried about the child's hearing, as compared to 10% of cases whose children were tested twice, and 15% of cases whose children were tested three times. Conclusions: False-positive UNHS test results do not cause long-term general parental anxiety. However, 6 months after screening, a considerable proportion of parents continued to experience hearing-specific worries regarding their child. Subject HealthAnxietyChild healthControlled studyHearing impairmentutcome assessmentParental attitudeParental behaviorPriority journalQuestionnaireScreening testState Trait Anxiety InventoryUniversal neonatal hearing screeningLaboratory diagnosisMethodologyNewbornNewborn screeningPsychological aspectFalse Positive ReactionsHearing DisordersHearing TestsHumansInfantInfant, NewbornNeonatal ScreeningParent-Child RelationsParentsQuestionnaires O To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:8dde26b2-2303-4e04-9ed0-a14b51c9cea7 DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.2007.129320 TNO identifier 240848 ISSN 0003-9888 Source Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93 (6), 508-511 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.