Induction of somatic mutations but not methylated DNA adducts in λlacZ transgenic mice by dichlorvos
van Delft, J.H.M.
Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
In order to examine the in vivo genotoxic activity of dichlorvos, λlacZ transgenic mice (Muta(TM)Mouse) were treated i.p. with single (4.4 or 11 mg/kg) or multiple (5x11 mg/kg) doses of this agent and sacrificed 4 h or 14 days post-treatment for DNA adduct measurement or mutant frequency analysis, respectively. Neither methylated DNA adducts nor an increase in mutant frequency were detected in the bone marrow, white blood cells, liver, spleen, lung, brain and sperm cells after the single doses. However, following multiple dosing a statistically significant 3-fold increase in mutant frequency was observed in the liver, while a non-statistically significant increase was observed in the bone marrow. In contrast, dimethylsulphate, a model methylating agent, gave rise to detectable DNA adducts but no increase in mutant frequency following i.p. administration of single (30 mg/kg) or multiple (10x6 mg/kg) doses. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
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6 o methylguanine
Bone marrow cell
Cancer Letters, 146 (2), 155-160