Print Email Facebook Twitter Vitamin B-12 status is associated with bone mineral content and bone mineral density in frail elderly women but not in men Title Vitamin B-12 status is associated with bone mineral content and bone mineral density in frail elderly women but not in men Author Dhonukshe-Rutten, R.A.M. Lips, M. de Jong, N. Marijke, J.M.C.A.P. Hiddink, G.J. van Dusseldorp, M. de Groot, L.C.P.G.M. van Staveren, W.A. Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding Publication year 2003 Abstract Subclinical vitamin B-12 deficiency is common in the elderly. Encouraged by early indications, we investigated the plasma vitamin B-12 status in association with bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in frail elderly people. Data of 194 free-living Dutch frail elderly (143 women and 51 men) were available. BMC and BMD were measured by dual energy X-ray analysis. Biochemical analyses were performed on plasma or serum including vitamin B-12, methylmalonic acid, homocysteine, 25-hydroxy vitamin D and parathyroid hormone. Women had higher plasma vitamin B-12 (288 and 238 pmol/L, respectively) and lower plasma homocysteine levels (15.8 and 21.3 μmol/L, respectively) than men. Of the total explained variance of BMC and BMD in women (46 and 22%, respectively), 1.3-3.1% was explained by plasma vitamin B-12, in addition to weight and height or energy intake. In men, the variance of BMC and BMD was explained by weight, smoking and/or height (total R2 was 53 and 25%, respectively), but not by plasma vitamin B-12. Osteoporosis occurred more often among women whose vitamin B-12 status was considered marginal or deficient than in women with a normal status, i.e., the prevalence odds ratios (after adjustment for weight, age and calcium intake) (95% confidence intervals) were 4.5 (0.8; 24.8) and 6.9 (1.2;39.4), respectively. These results suggest that vitamin B-12 status is associated with bone health in elderly women. Future studies on bone health should take into account a possible role of vitamin B-12 status in different populations. Chemicals/CAS: 25 hydroxyvitamin D, 64719-49-9; cyanocobalamin, 53570-76-6, 68-19-9, 8064-09-3; homocysteine, 454-28-4, 6027-13-0; methylmalonic acid, 516-05-2; parathyroid hormone, 12584-96-2, 68893-82-3, 9002-64-6; 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 64719-49-9; Calcium, Dietary; Homocysteine, 454-28-4; Methylmalonic Acid, 516-05-2; Parathyroid Hormone; Vitamin B 12, 68-19-9; Vitamin D, 1406-16-2 Subject Nutrition HealthFood and Chemical Risk AnalysisCobalaminLogistic analysisMultiple regression analysisOsteoporosis25 hydroxyvitamin DCyanocobalaminHomocysteineMethylmalonic acidParathyroid hormoneAgedAgingBone densityBone mineralCaloric intakeControlled studyCyanocobalamin deficiencyDual energy X ray absorptiometryFemaleMaleNetherlandsNutritional statusOsteoporosisVitamin blood levelAgedAged, 80 and overBody CompositionBody HeightBody WeightBone DensityCalcium, DietaryDensitometry, X-RayFrail ElderlyHomocysteineHumansMethylmalonic AcidNetherlandsNutritional StatusOdds RatioOsteoporosisParathyroid HormoneRegression AnalysisSex CharacteristicsSmokingVitamin B 12Vitamin B 12 DeficiencyVitamin D To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:84e50aca-d925-4ba2-b474-904c19366930 TNO identifier 236992 ISSN 0022-3166 Source Journal of Nutrition, 133 (3), 801-807 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.