Print Email Facebook Twitter Occupational exposure during application and removal of antifouling paints Title Occupational exposure during application and removal of antifouling paints Author Links, I. Jagt, K.E.V.D. Christopher, Y. Lurvink, M. Schinkel, J. Tielemans, E. Hemmen, J.J.V. TNO Kwaliteit van Leven Publication year 2007 Abstract Exposure data on biocides are relatively rare in published literature, especially for secondary exposure. This is also the case for antifouling exposure. Therefore, a field study was carried out measuring exposure to antifouling paints. Both primary exposure (rolling and spraying) and secondary exposure (during sand blasting) were studied. Exposure during rolling was measured in boatyards where paints containing dichlofluanid (DCF) were applied. Spraying was measured in dockyards (larger than boatyards) where paints containing copper were applied. Furthermore, during sand blasting the removal of old paint layers containing copper was measured. A total of 54 datasets was collected, both for inhalation and dermal exposure data. For paint and stripped paint bulk analyses were performed. The following values are all arithmetic means of the datasets. Inhalation of copper amounted to 3 mg m-3 during spraying and to 0.8 mg m-3 during sand blasting. Potential body exposure loading amounted to 272 mg h-1 copper during spraying and 33 mg h-1 during sand blasting. For dichlofluanid the inhalation exposure loading was 0.14 mg m-3 during rolling, whereas the potential body exposure loading was 267 mg h-1 and potential hand exposure loading 277 mg h-1. The results for primary exposure compare well to the very few public data available. For the secondary exposure (sand blasting) no comparable data were available. The present study shows that the exposure loading should be considered more extensively, including applicable protective gear. In this light the findings for the potmen during sand blasting suggest that personal protective equipment should be (re)considered carefully. © The Author 2006. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Occupational Hygiene Society. Subject Health ChemistryFood and Chemical Risk AnalysisAntifouling paintBiocidesCopperDichlofluanidRollingSand blastingSecondary exposureSprayingAntifouling paintBiocidesCopperPaint sprayingPulmonary diseasesDichlofluanid (DCF)InhalationSand blastingSecondary exposureOccupational diseasesAntifouling agentAerosolArithmeticComparative studyControlled studyOccupational hazardProtective clothingSkin protectionStatisticsAir Pollutants, OccupationalAniline CompoundsCopperDisinfectantsEnvironmental PollutantsHandHazardous SubstancesHumansInhalation ExposureOccupational ExposurePaintRisk AssessmentShipsSkinWorkplace To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:830ad115-5955-41e2-b4a6-001be1299131 DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/mel074 TNO identifier 239870 ISSN 0003-4878 Source Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 51 (2), 207-218 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.