Print Email Facebook Twitter Variable hypocoagulant effect of fish oil intake in humans: Modulation of fibrinogen level and thrombin generation Title Variable hypocoagulant effect of fish oil intake in humans: Modulation of fibrinogen level and thrombin generation Author van Schoonbeek, K. Feijge, M.A.H. Paquay, M. Rosing, J. Saris, W. Kluft, C. Giesen, P.L.A. Maat, M.P.M.de Heemskerk, J.W.M. TNO Preventie en Gezondheid Publication year 2004 Abstract Objective-The beneficial effect of dietary fish oil, rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), on cardiovascular disease is multifactorial and may partly rely on their anticoagulant action. We studied how fish oil intake influenced thrombin generation in plasma and which factors were involved herein. Methods and Results-Twenty-five healthy males with borderline overweight received 3.0 g omega-3 PUFAs daily for 4 weeks. Fish oil intake reduced plasma triglycerides and lowered platelet integrin activation, as well as plasma levels of fibrinogen and factor V, but had no effect on vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Before fish oil intake, thrombin generation (reflecting the coagulant potential) considerably varied between plasmas from individual subjects, which were partly explained by variation in prothrombin, antithrombin, fibrinogen, and factor V levels. Fish oil intake reduced thrombin generation in the presence and absence of platelets. This reduction correlated with the fish oil effect on fibrinogen and factor V levels. Interestingly, the lowering effect of fish oil on thrombin generation and fibrinogen clustered around subjects with high fibrinogen carrying a structural fibrinogen α-chain polymorphism. Conclusions-Dietary omega-3 PUFAs provoke a hypocoagulant, vitamin K-independent effect in humans, the degree of which may depend on fibrinogen level. Chemicals / CAS: antithrombin, 9000-94-6; blood clotting factor 5, 9001-24-5, 9013-23-4; cholesterol, 57-88-5; fibrinogen, 9001-32-5; fish oil, 8016-13-5; protein C, 60202-16-6; prothrombin, 9001-26-7; thrombin, 9002-04-4; vitamin K group, 12001-79-5; Cholesterol, LDL; Factor V, 9001-24-5; Fatty Acids, Omega-3; Fibrinogen, 9001-32-5; Fish Oils; Peptide Fragments; Thrombin, 18.104.22.168; Triglycerides; thrombin receptor peptide (42-47) Subject BiologyBiomedical ResearchCoagulationFactor VFibrinogenFish oilThrombin generationantithrombinblood clotting factor 5cholesterolfibrinogenfish oilintegrinomega 3 fatty acidpolyunsaturated fatty acidprotein Cprothrombinthrombinthrombocyte receptortriacylglycerolvitamin K groupanticoagulation dcholesterol blood levelclinical articlecontrolled studydietary intakefibrinogen blood levelflow cytometrygenetic variabilityplasmathrombocyte activationthrombocyte rich plasmathrombosistriacylglycerol blood levelAdultBlood Cell CountBlood CoagulationBlood PlateletsBody Mass IndexCholesterol, LDLFactor VFatty Acids, Omega-3FibrinogenFish OilsHumansMaleMiddle AgedObesityPeptide FragmentsPlatelet ActivationPolymorphism, GeneticThrombinTriglycerides To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:8253287b-5adc-4412-b041-ec87db93398a DOI https://doi.org/10.1161/01.atv.0000137119.28893.0b TNO identifier 237990 ISSN 1079-5642 Source Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 24 (9), 1734-1740 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.