Print Email Facebook Twitter Noise exposure and public health Title Noise exposure and public health Author Passchier-Vermeer, W. Passchier, W.F. TNO Preventie en Gezondheid Publication year 2000 Abstract Exposure to noise constitutes a health risk. There is sufficient scientific evidence that noise exposure can induce hearing impairment, hypertension and ischemic heart disease, annoyance, sleep disturbance, and decreased school performance. For other effects such as changes in the immune system and birth defects, the evidence is limited. Most public health impacts of noise were already identified in the 1960s and noise abatement is less of a scientific but primarily a policy problem. A subject for further research is the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying noise-induced cardiovascular disorders and the relationship of noise with annoyance and nonacoustical factors modifying health outcomes. A high priority study subject is the effects of noise on children, including cognitive effects and their reversibility. Noise exposure is on the increase, especially in the general living environment, both in industrialized nations and in developing world regions. This implies that in the twenty-first century noise exposure will still be a major public health problem. Subject Urban DevelopmentAcoustics and AudiologyBuilt EnvironmentAnnoyanceCardiovascular effectsChildren's healthEnvironmental healthEnvironmental noiseHearing impairmentNoise exposureNoise metricsOccupational noisePerformanceacademic achievementannoyancebirth defecthearing impairmenthumanhypertensionimmune systemischemic heart diseasemental stressnoise pollutionpriority journalpublic healthreviewrisk assessmentsleep disordersound intensityHearing DisordersHumansNoisePublic HealthStress, Psychological To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:812c77c4-8b5c-42fd-9dd5-0668e32d099d TNO identifier 235521 ISSN 0091-6765 Source Environmental Health Perspectives, 108 (SUPPL. 1), 123-131 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.