Chemical processes in the HNF flame
TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Results of modeling the HNF flame structure are presented. From an analysis of literature data on the thermal decomposition and combustion of HNF, it is concluded that the dissociative vaporization of HNF proceeds via the route HNFliq → (N2H4)g + (HC(NO 2)3)g. The flame structure is modeled using a detailed kinetic mechanism consisting of 47 species and 283 elementary reactions. Its constituents are the decomposition mechanisms of hydrazine (N2H4)g and trinitromethane (HC(NO 2)3)g (nitroform, NFg). The latter come from the burning surface by dissociative vaporization. The modeling was performed for different routes of NFg decomposition involving HC(NO2)2, HCNO2, and HC(O)NO2 radicals. The HNF flame structure was calculated for pressures of 0.4, 1, and 5 atm using data on the product composition on the burning surface that correspond to the developed reaction in the condensed phase and are consistent with the chemical composition and enthalpy of formation of HNF. As follows from the calculations, the heat release in the gas-phase reaction of nitroform with hydrazine (and partially with ammonia) leads to a temperature increase in the flame zone adjacent to the burning surface from its value on the surface to ≈1300 K. A further increase in the flame temperature is related to the reaction in the H2O/N2/N2O/NH 3/NO/NO2/HNO2/CO/CO2/HCNO/HCN mixture. The calculation results are compared with experimental data on the thermal and chemical structure of the HNF flame. © Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006.
To reference this document use:
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, 42 (5 (September-October)), 509-520