Determination of polar organophosphorus pesticides in vegetables and fruits using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry: Selection of extraction solvent
van Dam, R.C.J.
A method based on liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS)/MS was developed for sensitive determination of a number of less gas chromatography (GC)-amenable organophosphorus pesticides (OPs; acephate, methamidophos, monocrotophos, omethoate, oxydemeton-methyl and vamidothion) in cabbage and grapes. For extraction, several solvents were evaluated with respect to the possibility of direct injection, matrix-induced suppression or enhancement of response, and extraction efficiency. Overall, ethyl acetate was the most favourable solvent for extraction, although a solvent switch was required. For some pesticide/matrix combinations, reconstitution of the residue after evaporation required special attention. Extracts were analysed on a C18 column with polar endcapping. The pesticides were ionised using atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation on a tandem mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The final method is straightforward and involves extraction with ethyl acetate and a solvent switch to 0.1% acetic acid/water without further cleanup. The method was validated at the 0.01 and 0.5mg/kg level, for both cabbage and grapes. Recoveries were between 80 and 101% with R.S.D.<11% (n=5). The limit of quantification was 0.01mg/kg and limits of detection were between 0.001 and 0.004mg/kg. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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acetic acid ethyl ester
tandem mass spectrometry
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Reproducibility of Results
Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Journal of Chromatography A, 1015 (1-2), 119-127