Print Email Facebook Twitter Differences between men and women in the response of serum cholesterol to dietary changes Title Differences between men and women in the response of serum cholesterol to dietary changes Author Weggemans, R.M. Zock, P.L. Urgert, R. Katan, M.B. Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO Publication year 1999 Abstract Background. Hypercholesterolaemia is initially treated by diet. However, most studies of diet and cholesterol response have been carried out in men, and it is not known whether women react to diet to the same extent as men do. We therefore studied sex differences in the response of serum cholesterol and lipoproteins to diet. Materials and methods. We measured the responses of serum cholesterol to a decrease in dietary saturated fat in seven trials involving 126 men and 147 women, to a decrease in dietary trans fat in two trials (48 men and 57 women) and to a decrease in dietary cholesterol in eight trials (74 men and 70 women). We also measured responses to the coffee diterpene cafestol, which occurs in unfiltered coffee, in nine trials (72 men and 61 women). All subjects were lean and healthy. Results. The response of total cholesterol (± standard deviation) to a decrease in the intake of saturated fat was greater in men (-0.62 ± 0.39 mmolL-1) than in women (-0.48 ± 0.39 mmolL-1; 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.23 mmolL-1). The response of total cholesterol to a decrease in the intake of cafestol was also larger in men (-1.01 ± 0.49 mmol L-1) than in women (-0.80 ± 0.49 mmolL-1; 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.39 mmolL-1). Responses to traits fat and to dietary cholesterol did not differ between men and women. Conclusion. Men have larger responses of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to saturated fat and cafestol than women do. Subject NutritionCholesterolDietGenderLipidsLipoproteinsResponsivenessCafestolSaturated fatty acidAdultCholesterol blood levelCholesterol intakeClinical trialDiet therapyFat intakeFemaleHumanHypercholesterolemiaMajor clinical studyMaleMeta analysisPriority journalSex differenceBody Mass IndexCholesterolCholesterol, DietaryCholesterol, HDLCholesterol, LDLClinical TrialsCoffeeConfidence IntervalsDietary FatsDiterpenesFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedSex Characteristics To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:73ba6c17-fca3-4360-baba-ec6527b7a7cd DOI https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2362.1999.00524.x TNO identifier 235194 ISSN 0014-2972 Source European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 29 (10), 827-834 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.