Print Email Facebook Twitter Social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users Title Social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users Author Wiefferink, C.H. Detmar, S.B. Coumans, B. Vogels, T. Paulussen, T.G.W. TNO Kwaliteit van Leven Publication year 2008 Abstract The aim of this study is to identify the social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users who practice bodybuilding, fitness, powerlifting or combat sports. In this questionnaire-based study, 144 respondents answered questions on their actual use and intention to use such drugs and also on their background characteristics and beliefs, such as their attitudes, social influences and self-efficacy. While all social psychological determinants correlated with intention to use these drugs, the most important predictors were personal norms, beliefs about performance outcomes and the perceived behavior of others. Non-users held more restrictive norms about using performance-enhancing drugs, were less optimistic about the performance-enhancing outcomes and believed that fewer significant others used performance-enhancing drugs than users and ex-users. The results of this study indicate that users attribute advantages to performance-enhancing drugs and are inclined to overlook the risks of using them. Preventive interventions should focus on influencing personal norms and social processes. © The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Chemicals / CAS: 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine, 42542-10-9; cannabis, 8001-45-4, 8063-14-7; cocaine, 50-36-2, 53-21-4, 5937-29-1; Anabolic Agents Subject Healthy for LifeHealthHealthy LivingJeugd en Gezondheid3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetaminecannabiscocaineadolescentadultagedarticleathleteattitude to healthbody buildingcontrolled studycorrelation analysisdrug usefemalefitnesshumanlogistic regression analysismaleoutcome assessmentpriority journalquestionnairerisk assessmentsocial psychologysporttask performanceweight liftingAdolescentAdultAge FactorsAgedAnabolic AgentsAttitudeDoping in SportsExerciseFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedSelf EfficacySex FactorsSocial Environment To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:6e880b24-3c91-4bcb-947a-2276e3ce5868 DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cym004 TNO identifier 240626 ISSN 0268-1153 Source Health Education Research, 23 (1), 70-80 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.