Print Email Facebook Twitter Personalised self-explanation by robots: The role of goals versus beliefs in robot-action explanation for children and adults Title Personalised self-explanation by robots: The role of goals versus beliefs in robot-action explanation for children and adults Author Kaptein, F. Broekens, J. Hindriks, K. Neerincx, M.A. Publication year 2017 Abstract A good explanation takes the user who is receiving the explanation into account. We aim to get a better understanding of user preferences and the differences between children and adults who receive explanations from a robot. We implemented a Nao-robot as a belief-desire-intention (BDI)-based agent and explained its actions using two different explanation styles. Both are based on how humans explain and justify their actions to each other. One explanation style communicates the beliefs that give context information on why the agent performed the action. The other explanation style communicates the goals that inform the user of the agent's desired state when performing the action. We conducted a user study (19 children, 19 adults) in which a Nao-robot performed actions to support type 1 diabetes mellitus management. We investigated the preference of children and adults for goalversus belief-based action explanations. From this, we learned that adults have a significantly higher tendency to prefer goal-based action explanations. This work is a necessary step in addressing the challenge of providing personalised explanations in human-robot and human-agent interaction. © 2017 IEEE. IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RA); Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); Institute of Systems and Robotics - University of Coimbra; Korea Robotics Society (KROS); The Robotics Society of Japan (RSJ) Subject Human & Operational ModellingPCS - Perceptual and Cognitive SystemsELSS - Earth, Life and Social SciencesIntelligent agentsBelief-desire-intentionsContext informationHuman agent interactionsHuman robotsRobot actionsSelf explanationsSupport typesUser studyHuman robot interaction To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:6a3f95fa-1dd2-4ec4-9248-4f97581af1cf DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/roman.2017.8172376 TNO identifier 788533 Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. ISBN 9781538635186 Source 26th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN 2017. 28 August 2017 through 1 September 2017, 676-682 Article number 8172376 Document type conference paper Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.