Is there a gender difference in the effect of work-related physical and psychosocial risk factors on musculoskeletal symptoms and related sickness absence?
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven
van der Beek, A.J.
van Mechelen, W.
Determine whether there are gender differences in the effect of exposure to work-related physical and psychosocial risk factors on low back, neck, shoulder, or hand–arm symptoms and related sickness absence was the objective. Data of a prospective cohort with a follow-up period of three years were used. Questionnaires were used to assess exposure to risk factors and musculoskeletal symptoms. Sickness absence was registered. Female- to-male gender ratios (GR) were calculated to determine whether there were any differences in the effect. A GR value >1.33 or 1.33 was found for twisting the upper body, working in uncomfortable postures, twisting the wrist, bending the neck backwards, and coworker and supervisor support (GR range 1.66–2.63). For driving vehicles, hand–arm vibration, squeezing, working above shoulder level or below knee level, reaching, twisting the neck, job demands, and skill discretion, the GR value was
To reference this document use:
Scandinavian journal of work, environment and health, 35 (35), 85-95