Analysis by mass spectrometry of POMC-derived peptides in amphibian melanotrope subpopulations
van Strien, F.J.C.
van der Greef, J.
Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
We have previously shown that the melanotrope population of the pituitary intermediate lobe of Rana ridibunda is composed of two subpopulations, of low (LD) and high density (HD), that show distinct ultrastructural features and display different synthetic and secretory rates. To investigate whether LD and HD melanotrope cells also differ in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) processing, we have analyzed the POMC-end products in single cells from both subpopulations by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). The mass spectra revealed the presence of 8 POMC-derived peptides in HD and LD melanotrope cells, indicating a similar processing of the precursor in both subpopulations. However, the relative abundance of three POMC-end products (i.e. lys-γ1- MSH, acetyl-α-MSH, and CLIP fragment) was higher in the HD subset. Moreover, two peptides with molecular weights of 1030 and 1818 Da, respectively, were detected that could not be assigned to any product deduced from the frog POMC sequence. The relative amount of the 1030 Da peptide was higher in LD melanotrope cells. Taken together, our results suggest that POMC processing is differentially regulated in the two melanotrope cell subsets.
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Hypophysis intermediate lobe
Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
Life Sciences, 64 (11), 923-930