Print Email Facebook Twitter Factors that influence passive smoking in infancy: A study among mothers of newborn babies in The Netherlands Title Factors that influence passive smoking in infancy: A study among mothers of newborn babies in The Netherlands Author Crone, M.R. Reijneveld, S.A. Burgmeijer, R.J.F. Hirasing, R.A. Publication year 2001 Abstract Background. The aim of this study was to assess the factors that influence smoking in the presence of the infant by mothers, partners, other family members, and friends. Methods. An observational study using questionnaires was performed with smoking and nonsmoking parents of babies between 1 and 14 months old attending Dutch well-baby clinics between February and May 1996. The main measures were prevention of passive smoking in children by mothers and the relation with self-reported attitudes, social influence, and self-efficacy. Results. A total of 1702 parents completed the questionnaire (63%). A total of 1551 questionnaires were completed by the mother. Sixty-five percent of the mothers prevented passive smoking by their child. This figure was 55% for smokers and 69% for nonsmokers. Attitude was the factor that most explained preventive behavior among both smokers and nonsmokers. Among the respondents, a lack of prevention of passive smoking was significantly related to (1) a negative attitude and 2) a negative social influence exerted by their partner, (3) lower self-efficacy in reducing passive smoking, and (4) increasing age of the child. (5) Finally, a lack of prevention is associated with the mother's self-efficacy in asking others not to smoke. This association strongly differs between smoking and nonsmoking mothers. Conclusion. The results suggest that health education efforts should focus on attitude and self-efficacy, assuming that these precede actual behavior, and in particular on the health consequences of the exposure of young children to tobacco smoke. The information should not be restricted to parents of newborn babies; it should also focus on parents with older children. Particular attention should be paid to smokers with a low educational level. The results also indicate that education should strengthen the ability of nonsmoking parents to deal with smokers and the ability of smoking parents to deal with their own smoking behavior. © 2001 American Health Foundation and Academic Press. Chemicals/CAS: Tobacco Smoke Pollution Subject HealthAttitudesInfancyPassive smokingSelf-efficacySubjective normTobacco smokeChildChild parent relationControlled studyHealth promotionMajor clinical studyRisk factorSelf conceptSelf reportAdultFemaleHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, PracticeHumansInfant, NewbornMaleMothersNetherlandsQuestionnairesRegression AnalysisSelf EfficacyTobacco Smoke Pollution To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:5ecc23a9-26db-4d5e-95a4-cef6976f8494 DOI https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.2000.0787 TNO identifier 236351 ISSN 0091-7435 Source Preventive Medicine, 32 (3), 209-217 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.