A global FE - local analytical approach to modelling failure in localized buckles caused by crash
Localized buckles can occur in crashes when compressive stresses are dominant. However, due to their local appearance, they might be overlooked by a finite element analysis, meaning that local failure due to buckling will not be predicted. This could, for example, be catastrophic in the case of the crushing of a fuel tank or the impact on a ship hull, which could then lead to unpredicted and dangerous leakage. Methods to analytically assess the onset of such buckles are readily available. However, an off-the-shelf solution to predict the behaviour of them after the initial onset is not on hand. Therefore, an analytical method is developed that can predict the behaviour of a buckle after its onset, even in complex multiaxial states of stress that may be expected in crash scenarios. The strain over the buckle is captured as well, meaning that material failure can be predicted using existing material failure models. Also, the analysis is valid up to moderately thick shells, as would be expected in maritime structures. The proposed analytical method shows good agreement with a highly detailed FE model, which only considers a single localized buckle. The goal would be to use the proposed method in conjunction with large scale FEA models, where the length of a shell element is equal to several times the thickness.
To reference this document use:
Maritime & Offshore
Fluid & Solid Mechanics
SD - Structural Dynamics
TS - Technical Sciences
International Conference on Ships and Offshore Structures, ICSOS 2016, 31 August - 2 September 2016, Hamburg, Germany