Print Email Facebook Twitter Trace element concentrations and stable lead isotopes in soils as tracers of lead pollution in Graft-De Rijp, the Netherlands Title Trace element concentrations and stable lead isotopes in soils as tracers of lead pollution in Graft-De Rijp, the Netherlands Author Walraven, N. van Os, B.J.H. Klaver, G.Th. Baker, J.H. Vriend, S.P. Rijks Geologische Dienst Publication year 1997 Abstract Graft-De Rijp is a former village of whalers, situated twenty-five kilometres north of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Since the foundation of De Rijp in 1612 a mixture of sludge, manure and town refuse (containing Pb-based household artefacts and Pb-based building materials) was used to raise and fertilise the land. Gasworks, coal storehouses, printing works and tanneries were started in the industrial area (after 1860). Surface soils in the "old" town centre of De Rijp are highly contaminated with Pb and, to a lesser extent, with Zn, Cu and As. Stable Pb isotopes combined with statistical analysis of the chemical dataset provided a tool whereby the sources of contaminant Pb, and related heavy metals were identified. Three major sources of Pb contamination could be distinguished: (1) remnants of the "old" town (building materials such as Pb sheets, glazed roof tiles and paint), (2) coal ashes and (3) alkyl-leaded petrol. In addition, high Zn, Cu and As are strongly related to Pb pollution, which is predominantly found in the topsoil (0-0.5 m) of the "old" town centre of Graft-De Rijp. Subject Historisch materiaal TNOHeavy metalsLead isotopesPollutionSoilStatistical analysisThe NetherlandsTrace elementsArsenicCoal ashCopperFertilizersIsotopesLeadManuresSewage sludgeStatistical methodsTrace elementsZincAlkyl leaded petrolSoil pollutioncontaminationheavy metalisotopic compositionleadprovenancesoilsoil pollutiontrace elementNetherlands, Graft De Rijp To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:503a15d5-e335-4580-acde-0b3e9859d5fa TNO identifier 233896 Publisher TNO ISSN 0375-6742 Source Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 59 (1), 47-58 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.