Print Email Facebook Twitter Job resources and emotional exhaustion: The mediating role of learning opportunities Title Job resources and emotional exhaustion: The mediating role of learning opportunities Author van Ruysseveldt, J. Verboon, P. Smulders, P.G.W. Publication year 2011 Abstract The Job Demands-Resources model predicts that job demands increase and job resources decrease emotional exhaustion in employees. In this study, we investigated one possible mechanism for this, in order to provide a deeper insight into the role of job resources in this energy-depletion process. We assumed that job resources (autonomy and task variety) reduce emotional exhaustion through the promotion of opportunities for personal growth and development, especially workplace learning. Moreover, we expected that job demands (workload, cognitive and emotional demands) would be positively related to work-related learning opportunities. Our research model was tested in a large and heterogeneous sample out of the Dutch working population (N = 4589), following a cross-validation procedure. Multi-group structural equation modelling revealed that autonomy and task variety promoted learning opportunities, which in turn partially mediated between these job resources and emotional exhaustion. With respect to job demands, our study showed mixed results: cognitive demands promoted learning opportunities, workload frustrated such opportunities, and emotional demands were not significantly related to learning opportunities. Our results contribute to a better understanding of the interplay between job demands, job resources and learning opportunities in the energy-depletion process, and support the need for the promotion of learning opportunities in the workplace. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Subject OrganisationWH - Work & HealthBSS - Behavioural and Societal SciencesWorkplaceAction theoryCognitive demandsJob Demands-Resources modelWork-related stressWorkloadWorkplace learning To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:4ec00d8b-26a7-4b2b-b3dd-26769b6aec71 DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2011.613223 TNO identifier 436604 ISSN 0267-8373 Source Work and Stress, 25 (3), 205-223 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.