Mild desalination of various raw water streams
van den Broek, W.B.P.
de Schepper, W.
For chemical industries, fresh water availability is a pre-requisite for sustainable operation. However, in many delta areas around the world, fresh water is scarce. Therefore, the E4Water project (http://www.e4water.eu) comprises a case study at the Dow site in Terneuzen, The Netherlands, which is designed to develop commercial applications for mild desalination of brackish raw water streams from various origins to enable reuse in industry or agriculture. This study describes an effective twostage work process, which was used to narrow down a broad spectrum of desalination technologies to a selection of the most promising techniques for a demonstration pilot at 2–4 m³/hour. Through literature study, laboratory experiments and multi-criteria analysis, nanofiltration and electrodialysis reversal were selected, both having the potential to attain the objectives of E4Water at full scale
Urban Mobility & Environment
To reference this document use:
WT - Water Treatment
ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences
Environment & Sustainability
Water Science and Technology, 72 (3), 371-376