Print Email Facebook Twitter Unraveling the shallow geology of the western Wadden Sea using high resolution seismics Title Unraveling the shallow geology of the western Wadden Sea using high resolution seismics Author Paap, B.F. Dubelaar, C.W. Gunnink, J.L. Post, A.P. Publication year 2012 Abstract Modelling of the shallow subsurface of the Dutch Wadden Sea is merely based on lithological information extracted from a limited amount of core samples. In order to improve the subsurface model and to provide a better basis for engineering purposes, seismic data have recently been acquired, processed and interpreted. This study focuses on the interpretation of seismic data in a pilot area in the southwestern part of the Dutch Wadden Sea near the Afsluitdijk. In order to acquire a maximum detail of subsurface information in a time-efficient way, multiple types of seismic systems were deployed simultaneously in a 'one-sweep-survey', providing information over depth ranges up to 60 m subsurface depth. Data from three seismic systems are presented; a chirp system, a boomer and sparker source in combination with hydrophone streamers. Geological interpretation of the seismic data was made by identifying seismic facies units and subsequently correlating them to geological cross-sections, running parallel to the Afsluitdijk. Geological cross-sections were derived from the existing geological and hydrogeological model and from relatively densely spaced borehole information. Six key reflectors were identified on the seismic data along the Dutch Afsluitdijk that make up four seismic facies units. Results of seismic profiles show good recognition of internal structures in especially Holocene sediments. A clay plug and a shallowing of a channel at the eastern side of the pilot area were interpreted as channel infills resulting from the rather sudden dominance by newer tidal channels to the west, probably coinciding with the opening of the Marsdiep channel. The channel wall deposits observed were interpreted as a turning of the drainage channel after closure of the IJsselmeer. Strong reflections of deeper levels (>15 m below Dutch vertical datum, i.e. N.A.P.) were interpreted as clay/sand interfaces in the Middle-Pleistocene Urk Formation and were more continuous than previously thought. It is concluded that high resolution seismics add valuable information yielding improved understanding of the sedimentary structure of the shallow subsurface, which in turn can be useful for near future engineering works along the Afsluitdijk. Subject Earth & EnvironmentGM - GeomodellingEELS - Earth, Environmental and Life SciencesGeological Survey NetherlandsGeosciencesEnergy / Geological Survey NetherlandsSeismicsShallow geologyTidal areaWadden Sea To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:40c868bd-53f7-46a6-8994-c45cf6ab6e35 TNO identifier 466621 ISSN 0016-7746 Source Netherlands Journal of Geosciences — Geologie en Mijnbouw, 91 (3), 341-355 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.