Measurement procedures for underwater sound sources associated with oil and gas exploration and production activities.
de Jong, C.A.F.
This report is the result of Phase 2 of a two-phase project for the standardization of measurement, processing and reporting procedures for offshore oil and gas exploration and production-related sound sources. This project was carried out for the E&P Sound and Marine Life Joint Industry Programme of the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP). Phase 1 has resulted in the publication of a terminology standard, a data processing standard and a reporting standard. The aim of Phase 2 was to provide the oil- and gas industry with standardized procedures for measuring underwater sound radiated by relevant sources in the operational area, with limited hindrance on operations. The results of these measurements should allow for characterization of the sources in a clear manner, comparable between independently carried out measurements, and suitable as input for environmental impact assessments. This Phase 2 report describes measurement procedures for seismic acquisition sources (type A), high-resolution geophysical survey sources (type B) and production activity sources (type C).
To reference this document use:
TNO 2021 R11210-A
TNO, Den Haag