Print Email Facebook Twitter Effects of antibullying school program on bullying and health complaints Title Effects of antibullying school program on bullying and health complaints Author Fekkes, M. Pijpers, F.I.M. Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. Publication year 2006 Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of an antibullying school intervention in elementary schools. Design: Two-year follow-up randomized intervention group-control group. Setting: Forty-seven elementary schools in the Netherlands. Participants: Three thousand eight hundred sixteen children aged 9 to 12 years. Intervention: During the first study year, an antibullying school program was implemented in the schools in the intervention group. Main Outcome Measures: A questionnaire measuring bullying behavior, depression, psychosomatic complaints, delinquent behavior, and satisfaction with school life and peer relationships was filled out by the students at 3 times to obtain the following data: a baseline measurement, a first-effect measurement at the end of the first year, and a second-effect measurement at the end of the second year. Results: The number of bullied children decreased by 25% in the intervention group compared with the control group (relative risk, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.57-0.98). The intervention group also showed a decline in the scale scores of victimization (-1.06 vs 0.28; P<.01) and active bullying behaviors (-0.47 vs 0.12, P<.05). Self-reported peer relationships also improved in the intervention schools (0.48 vs 0.11; P<.05), and there was a trend for a decrease in reported depression in the intervention schools (-0.33 vs -0.10; P<.10). At follow-up, there were no differences between the intervention and control groups for the outcome measures. Schools had also lowered their antibullying activities during the second study year. Conclusions: An antibullying school policy can reduce bullying behavior. To keep bullying at a consistently low level, schools must continue antibullying measures every year. Continued counseling may help schools in their efforts to establish a lasting antibullying policy. ©2006 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Subject HealthBullyingControlled studyDepressionHuman experimentNetherlandsPeer groupPrimary schoolPsychosomatic disorderSatisfactionSchool health serviceScoring systemAggressionChildChild PsychologyDepressionFollow-Up StudiesHumansInterpersonal RelationsJuvenile DelinquencyPeer GroupPersonal SatisfactionPsychophysiologic DisordersQuestionnairesSchools To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:2e0fcfe2-bfd1-45fc-806d-821d00a1ec84 DOI https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.160.6.638 TNO identifier 239323 ISSN 1072-4710 Source Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160 (6), 638-644 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.