Print Email Facebook Twitter Controlling a tactile ERP-BCI in a dual-task Title Controlling a tactile ERP-BCI in a dual-task Author Thurlings, M.E. van Erp, J.B.F. Brouwer, A.M. Werkhoven, P.J. Publication year 2013 Abstract When using brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) to control a game, the BCI may have to compete with gaming tasks for the same perceptual and cognitive resources.We investigated: 1) if and to what extent event-related potentials (ERPs) and ERP–BCI performance are affected in a dual-task situation; and 2) if these effects are an area function of the level of difficulty of a concurrent task. Ten participants performed an ERP–BCI task that involved attending to a target location in sequences of tactile stimuli. The ERP–BCI task was performed either in isolation or secondary to a visual n-back task with two levels of difficulty. We observed: 1) a decreased P300 and BCI bit rate, and an increased level of subjective mental effort for both dual-task conditions compared to the BCI-only condition; the decreased classification accuracies were still well above chance, but arguably too low for effective BCI control; and 2) we did not find an effect of task difficulty on the P300, bit rates, and subjective mental effort. We discuss reallocation of attention caused by a concurrent task, but unaffected by task difficulty, and the role of task priority. Concluding, control of a tactile ERP–BCI in a dual-task situation is feasible, but performance is degraded. Subject HumanPCS - Perceptual and Cognitive Systems TPI - Training & Performance InnovationsBSS - Behavioural and Societal SciencesInfostructuresVirtual environments and GamingInformation SocietyBrain–computer interfaceBCIDual taskEventrelated potentialERPTactileWorkload To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:2b807f3b-1034-493d-a30b-6795da819612 DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/tciaig.2013.2239294 TNO identifier 463689 Source IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games, 5 (2) Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.