Alirocumab inhibits atherosclerosis, improves the plaque morphology, and enhances the effects of a statin
van der Hoorn, J.W.A.
van den Hoek, A.M.
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibition is a potential novel strategy for treatment of CVD. Alirocumab is a fully human PCSK9 monoclonal antibody in phase 3 clinical development. We evaluated the antiatherogenic potential of alirocumab in APOE∗3Leiden. CETP mice. Mice received a Western-type diet and were treated with alirocumab (3 or 10 mg/kg, weekly subcutaneous dosing) alone and in combination with atorvastatin (3.6 mg/kg/d) for 18 weeks. Alirocumab alone dose-dependently decreased total cholesterol (-37%; -46%, P < 0.001) and TGs (-36%; -39%, P < 0.001) and further decreased cholesterol in combination with atorvastatin (-48%; -58%, P < 0.001). Alirocumab increased hepatic LDL receptor protein levels but did not affect hepatic cholesterol and TG content. Fecal output of bile acids and neutral sterols was not changed. Alirocumab dose-dependently decreased atherosclerotic lesion size (-71%; -88%, P < 0.001) and severity and enhanced these effects when added to atorvastatin (-89%; -98%, P < 0.001). Alirocumab reduced monocyte recruitment and improved the lesion composition by increasing the smooth muscle cell and collagen content and decreasing the macrophage and necrotic core content. Alirocumab dose-dependently decreases plasma lipids and, as a result, atherosclerosis development, and it enhances the beneficial effects of atorvastatin in APOE∗3Leiden.CETP mice. In addition, alirocumab improves plaque morphology. Chemicals/CAS: alirocumab, 1245916-14-6; atorvastatin, 134523-00-5, 134523-03-8; cholesterol, 57-88-5; collagen, 9007-34-5
ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences
To reference this document use:
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9
Low density lipoprotein receptor
Lipid blood level
Smooth muscle fiber
MHR - Metabolic Health Research
Journal of Lipid Research, 55 (55), 2103-2112
Manufacturers: Regeneron Funding Details: Roche