Dietary acrylamide intake and brain cancer risk
van den Brandt, P.A.
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven
Background: Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen, which is present in several heat-treatedfood s. In epidemiologic studies, positive associations with endometrial, ovarian, and renal cell cancer risk have been observed. The incidence of central nervous system tumors was increased upon acrylamide administration in drinking water to rats. In the current study, the association between dietary acrylamide intake and human brain cancer risk was investigatedfor the first time. Methods: In 1986, 120,852 persons (ages 55-69 years) were included in the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer. At baseline, a random subcohort of 5,000 participants was randomly selected from the total cohort for a case-cohort approach. Acrylamide intake was assessedwith a foodfrequency questionnaire at baseline and based on acrylamide analyses in relevant Dutch foods. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards analysis. Subgroup analyses were done for microscopically verified brain cancer, astrocytic gliomas, high-grade astrocytic gliomas, and never-smokers. The acrylamide risk estimates were adjusted for possible brain cancer risk factors. Results: After 16.3 years of follow-up, 216 brain cancer cases were available for analysis. The multivariableadjusted HR per 10 Mg/dincrement of acrylamide intake was 1.02 (95% confidence interval, 0.89-1.16). HRs were not significantly increasedei ther when dietary acrylamide intake was analyzed as a categorical variable. Also, there was no association in the subgroups based on histology and smoking. Conclusion: In this prospective cohort study, acrylamide intake was not associatedw ith brain cancer risk. Copyright © 2009 American Association for Cancer Research.
To reference this document use:
Leefomgeving en gezondheid
Central nervous system tumor
Food frequency questionnaire
Proportional Hazards Models
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, 18 (5), 1663-1666