Defective collagen crosslinking in bone, but not in ligament or cartilage, in bruck syndrome: Indications for a bone-specific telopeptide lysyl hydroxylase on chromosome 17
van der Sluijs, H.A.
Bruck syndrome is characterized by the presence of osteoporosis, joint contractures, fragile bones, and short stature. We report that lysine residues within the telopeptides of collagen type I in bone are underhydroxylated, leading to aberrant crosslinking, but that the lysine residues in the triple helix are normally modified. In contrast to bone, cartilage and ligament show unaltered telopeptide hydroxylation as evidenced by normal patterns of crosslinking. The results provide compelling evidence that collagen crosslinking is regulated primarily by tissue-specific enzymes that hydroxylate only telopeptide lysine residues and not those destined for the helical portion of the molecule. This new family of enzymes appears to provide the primary regulation for controlling the different pathways of collagen crosslinking and explains why crosslink patterns are tissue specific and not related to a genetic collagen type. A genome screen identified only a single region on chromosome 17p12 where all affected sibs shared a cluster of haplotypes identical by descent; this might be the BS (Bruck syndrome) locus and consequently the region where bone telopeptidyl lysyl hydroxylase is located. Further knowledge of this enzyme has important implications for conditions where aberrant expression of telopeptide lysyl hydroxylase occurs, such as fibrosis and scar formation.
To reference this document use:
procollagen lysine 2 oxoglutarate 5 dioxygenase
Bone and Bones
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17
Collagen Type I
Procollagen-Lysine, 2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96 (3), 1054-1058