Print Email Facebook Twitter The effect of body weight changes and endurance training on 24 h substrate oxidation Title The effect of body weight changes and endurance training on 24 h substrate oxidation Author Pasman, W.J. Muls, G. Vansant, G. Westerterp-Plantenga, M.S. Saris, W.H.M. TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO Publication year 1999 Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exercise training and dietary macronutrient composition on 24 h substrate oxidation in male, obese subjects. DESIGN: A 16 month exercise intervention study was executed, including a weight loss period with a very low energy diet (VLED) for 2 months at the start of the study. SUBJECTS: Twelve male, obese subjects (age 36.3 ± 5.1 y; body weight 94.6 ± 13.9 kg; body mass index, BMI 30.8 ± 3.0 kg/m2) and in an additional study 15 lean, well-trained subjects (age 36.2 ± 7.2 y; body weight 72.2 ± 5.9 kg; BMI 22.3 ± 1.7 kg/m2) participated. MEASUREMENTS: Substrate oxidation was measured during a standardized 36 h stay in the respiration chamber at the start of the study (0 months), and at 4, 10 and 16 months. In the respiration chamber subjects were randomly assigned to a high-fat (Hi.F) diet (60% of energy (60%) fat) or a reduced-fat (Red.F) diet (30 En% fat). The well-trained group was measured once in the respiration chamber for 36 h according to the same protocol. RESULTS: At any time point, independent of the diet consumed, the 24 h carbohydrate (CHO) balances in the chamber were mostly negative (means ranging from +31 to -98 g/d) and the fat balances mostly positive (means ranging from -26 to +38 g/d) for the obese a well as for the lean, well-trained group. For both diets an increased shortage of 70 g of CHO was found at 16 months compared with 4 months, and an increase in fat balance of 33 g during the same time period in the obese subjects, indicating that CHO oxidation had increased with 12 months endurance training. In the well-trained group the 24 h CHO balance was even more negative for both types of diet (-103 to -185 g/d for the Red.F and Hi.F diet, respectively) under similar conditions compared with the trained obese group. CONCLUSION: The changes in 24 h substrate utilization in the obese, as well as in the well-trained group, suggest that endurance training increased the reliance on carbohydrate oxidation and therefore did not increase 24 fat oxidation. Subject NutritionEnergy balanceObesitySubstrate utilizationTraining statusAdultBody WeightCircadian RhythmDiet, ReducingDietary CarbohydratesDietary FatsExerciseHumansMaleObesityOxidation-Reduction To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:105534c0-0e01-42d4-8d8f-81917ff5ef26 TNO identifier 235287 ISSN 0307-0565 Source International Journal of Obesity, 23 (12), 1223-1232 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.