Buffer sizing for rate-optimal single-rate data-flow scheduling revisited
Single-Rate Data-Flow (SRDF) graphs, also known as Homogeneous Synchronous Data-Flow (HSDF) graphs or Marked Graphs, are often used to model the implementation and do temporal analysis of concurrent DSP and multimedia applications. An important problem in implementing applications expressed as SRDF graphs is the computation of the minimal amount of buffering needed to implement a static periodic schedule (SPS) that is optimal in terms of execution rate, or throughput. Ning and Gao  propose a linear-programming-based polynomial algorithm to compute this minimal storage amount, claiming optimality. We show via a counterexample that the proposed algorithm is not optimal. We prove that the problem is, in fact, NP-complete. We give an exact solution, and experimentally evaluate the degree of inaccuracy of the algorithm of Ning and Gao.
To reference this document use:
Homogeneous synchronous data flow
Single-rate data flow
ESI - Embedded Systems Innovation
TS - Technical Sciences
IEEE Transactions on Computers, 59 (59), 188-201