Print Email Facebook Twitter Influence of roadside infrastructure on driving behavior: Driving simulator study Title Influence of roadside infrastructure on driving behavior: Driving simulator study Author van der Horst, A.R.A. de Ridder, S. TNO Defensie en Veiligheid Publication year 2007 Abstract This paper describes the results of a driving simulator study that focused on the influence of roadside infrastructure on speed choice and lateral placement of car drivers. A review of the RISER detailed accident database revealed that lateral positioning and speed of the vehicle were two of the primary factors leading to crashes. The driving simulator study served as a means to include human factors principles into roadside infrastructure guidelines. Roadside features studied included trees, guardrails, barriers, panels, and emergency lanes. It was found that drivers tended to laterally move away from safety barriers when they first approached them, and they slightly slowed down. The type and size of a safety barrier appeared to be less important, only its presence had an effect. Trees were not found to affect the speed of the driver unless they were very close (2 m) to the road edge on an 80 km speed limit rural road and this effect faded rather quickly. There was no influence on speed if the trees were more than 4.5m from the lane edge. The fact that trees along the road are not considered to be a hazard, with drivers not adjusting their behavior, makes trees even more dangerous. Subject Traffic SafetyTrafficRoad designDriving behaviourAccident preventionAutomobile driversGround vehiclesSpeed controlDriving behaviorRoadside infrastructureRoads and streets To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:0f6f9b37-b7dc-490c-8c54-6d21d635d1a3 DOI https://doi.org/10.3141/2018-06 TNO identifier 16958 Publisher TRB Source Human performance, user information, simulation, and visualization, 2018, 36-44 Series Transportation research record Bibliographical note Ook verschenen in de TRB 2007 annual meeting (CD-rom) paper 07-1434 Voor de gedrukte versie wordt maar een selectie uit de CD genomen, en die worden aangepast. Teksten zijn dus niet helemaal hetzelfde Document type bookPart Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.