Print Email Facebook Twitter Life cycle assessment of sisal fibre – Exploring how local practices can influence environmental performance Title Life cycle assessment of sisal fibre – Exploring how local practices can influence environmental performance Author Broeren, M.L.M. Dellaert, S.N.C. Cok, B. Patel, M.K. Worrell, E. Shen, L. Publication year 2017 Abstract Sisal fibre can potentially replace glass fibre in natural fibre composites. This study focuses on the environmental performance of sisal fibre production by quantifying the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy use of producing sisal fibre in Tanzania and Brazil using life cycle assessment (LCA), based on region-specific inventory data. The results show that sisal fibre production has much lower GHG emissions (75–95%) and non-renewable energy use (85–95%) compared to glass fibre on a kg-basis, which is in line with published LCAs on natural fibres. Sisal fibre's GHG emissions are strongly influenced by potential methane emissions arising from the wet disposal of sisal leaf residues. Furthermore, because the direct energy and material requirements of sisal fibre production are low, its environmental performance is shown to vary strongly based on local practices such as residue disposal and fertiliser use, and is also sensitive to transportation distances. Several improvement options are explored to understand potential improvements in environmental sustainability. The most attractive option is limiting inadvertent methane emissions occurring at residue disposal sites, for instance by using them for the production of biogas. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd Subject Urban Mobility & EnvironmentCAS - Climate, Air and SustainabilityELSS - Earth, Life and Social SciencesEnvironment & SustainabilityUrbanisationGreenhouse gasesLife cycle assessmentMethaneSisal fibreEmission controlEnvironmental managementFibersGas emissionsGlassGlass fibersGreenhouse gasesMaterials handlingMethaneNatural fibersSustainable developmentEnvironmental performanceEnvironmental sustainabilityLife Cycle Assessment (LCA)Material requirementsNatural fibre compositesNon-renewable energy useSisal fibreTransportation distanceLife cycle To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:0ea7f812-6d40-4edb-88ba-e5dad59f4adc DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.073 TNO identifier 753474 Publisher Elsevier Ltd ISSN 0959-6526 Source Journal of Cleaner Production, 149, 818-827 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.