Testing and modeling of diffusion bonded prototype optical windows under ITER conditions
van Oost, G.
De Baere, I.
Glass-metal joints are a part of ITER optical diagnostics windows. These joints must be leak tight for the safety (presence of tritium in ITER) and to preserve the vacuum. They must also withstand the ITER environment: temperatures up to 220°C and fast neutron fluxes of ∼3·10 9 n/cm 2·s. At the moment, little information is available about glass-metal joints suitable for ITER. Therefore, we performed mechanical and thermal tests on some prototypes of an aluminium diffusion bonded optical window. Finite element modeling with Abaqus code was used to understand the experimental results. The prototypes were helium leaking probably due to very tiny cracks in the interaction layer between the steel and the aluminium. However, they were all able to withstand a thermal cycling test up to 200°C; no damage could be seen after the tests by visual inspection. The prototypes successfully passed push-out test with a 500 N load. During the destructive push-out tests the prototypes broke at a 6-12 kN load between the aluminium layer and the steel or the glass, depending on the surface quality of the glass. The microanalysis of the joints has also been performed. The finite element modeling of the push-out tests is in a reasonable agreement with the experiments. According to the model, the highest thermal stress is created in the aluminium layer. Thus, the aluminium joint seems to be the weakest part of the prototypes. If this layer is improved, it will probably make the prototype helium leak tight and as such, a good ITER window candidate. © 2011 IEEE.
Mechatronics, Mechanics & Materials
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MIP - Materials for Integrated Products
TS - Technical Sciences
2nd International Conference on Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation, Measurement Methods and their Applications, ANIMMA 2011, 6 June 2011 through 9 June 2011, Ghent, Belgium