Nutritional value of D-xylose and L-arabinose for broiler chicks
TNO-Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology
de Jong, J.
van Weerden, E.J.
van Baak, M.J.
1. Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of feeding D-xylose and L-arabinose on broiler performance, body composition, caecal length and weight, and liver weight. 2. Graded amounts (25, 50 and 75 g/kg) of D-xylose or L-arabinose were added to either a practical type (Exp. A) or a semi-purified (Exp. B) basal diet. As reference, a diet containing 75 g D-glucose/kg was included in both experiments, which were conducted in battery brooders, the birds receiving the isocaloric [on metabolisable energy (ME) basis] diets as dry mash ad libitum from 6 to 27 d of age. 3. A negative dose-dependent effect of both pentose sugars on weight gain and feed utilisation was observed. The same was true for daily food intake of the D-xylose diets. Water intake increased linearly (P less than 0.05) as the dietary concentrations of both pentose sugars was increased. Consequently, dry matter content of the droppings decreased. 4. Fat content of the chick body tended to decrease when either D-xylose or L-arabinose was included in the diets. 5. Caecal weight was increased markedly by feeding L-arabinose. Liver weight was not affected by feeding either D-xylose or L-arabinose to birds. 6. From data for ME intake and gain in body energy it was estimated that utilisation of the ME of both pentose sugars was inferior to that of D-glucose. Chemicals/CAS: arabinose, 147-81-9; lipid, 66455-18-3; protein, 67254-75-5; xylose, 25990-60-7, 58-86-6; Arabinose, 147-81-9; Dietary Carbohydrates; Lipids; Proteins; Xylose.
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growth, development and aging
British poultry science, 33 (33), 89-100