Greening the built environment: A review of Dutch, German, Danish and British energy savings policies to reduce the energy consumption and CO2 emissions in the residential sector
The residential sector represents around 25% of final energy consumption in the EU. A major challenge for the EU is the low rate of deep renovation of the existing building stock that would reduce energy consumption and thus emissions. In this research, we have compared policy measures and non-policy factors of four EU-countries to reduce the energy and CO2 emission intensity of space heating in the residential sector. We have made a high-level comparison of the relevant policy programmes of the chosen countries and have compared the types of policy measures these countries have chosen historically, and their relative impact. Four chapter dive deeper into the details for each country. In the national climate agreement in the Netherlands, most attention goes to existing buildings. Although this was not the main reason to perform this study at the start, it has made the outcomes even more relevant. In an additional, though smaller study, we have compared the energy policy portfolio of the countries to bring down the energy consumption of the services sector. The related reports can be found in this database by searching for (Paliouras, 2019) and (Holdsworth-Morris, 2019).
To reference this document use:
TNO 2019 P10626