Print Email Facebook Twitter Do familiarity and expectations change perception? Drivers glances and response to changes Title Do familiarity and expectations change perception? Drivers glances and response to changes Author Martens, M.H. Fox, M. TNO Defensie en Veiligheid Publication year 2007 Abstract The present study shows that repeated exposure to a road environment changes eye movement behaviour. In addition, repeated exposure may result in inadequate responses to unexpected changes in the road environment. Participants drove a low-cost simulator while their eye movements were recorded. With repeated exposure participants glances at traffic signs along the route were shorter while having a better recollection of the traffic signs along the route. At the last drive, the priority situation at an intersection was changed (a priority road was changed into a yield situation). Even though drivers glanced at the sign that indicated the new priority situation, they did not sufficiently process the information to show an adequate response. Only two out of 12 drivers showed any response, being a response only after crossing the priority road markings. The current finding that unexpected but relevant information may be missed by drivers is relevant for other monitoring tasks. Keywords: Expectations; Driving; Traffic sign; Glance duration; Familiarity; Change Subject TrafficTraffic signsExpectationsEye movementsResponse timesVisual searchInformation processingDrivingChangeFamiliarityGlance durationTraffic signAccident preventionAutomobile driversHighway accidentsRoad and street markingsExposure participantGlance durationLow-cost simulatorBehavioral research To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:facd3e40-dd83-4ae2-b56e-708b9bede836 DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2007.05.003 TNO identifier 19068 Source Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 10 (6), 476-492 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.