Environmental risk assessment of phosphonates, used in domestic laundry and cleaning agents in the Netherlands
van Genderen-Takken, H.
van de Plassche, E.
Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO
In the long-term cooperative project Voluntary Plan of Action (1990) between the Dutch Soap and Detergent Association (NVZ) and the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM) environmental risk assessments of several main components of laundry cleaning formulations were completed. As a part of that project the environmental risk assessment of HEDP, ATMP, EDTMP and DTPMP phosphonates used in detergent applications has been carried out according to the EU Technical Guidance Document for Environmental Risk Assessment for New and Existing Chemicals. All PEC/PNEC ratios were well below 1. Results of this assessment based on the total industry volumes from 1995 and 1998 indicate that the environmental risk of these phosphonates is low in the Netherlands with properly functioning sewage treatment plants. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Chemicals/CAS: Chelating Agents; Detergents; Industrial Waste; Phosphonic Acids
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Chemosphere, 47 (6), 655-665