Print Email Facebook Twitter Touch-based Brain Computer Interfaces: State of the art Title Touch-based Brain Computer Interfaces: State of the art Author van Erp, J.B.F. Brouwer, A.M. Publication year 2014 Abstract Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) rely on the user's brain activity to control equipment or computer devices. Many BCIs are based on imagined movement (called active BCIs) or the fact that brain patterns differ in reaction to relevant or attended stimuli in comparison to irrelevant or unattended stimuli (called reactive BCIs). Traditionally BCIs employ visual stimuli for feedback in active BCIs or as cues in reactive BCIs. However these vision-based BCIs are not suited for people with an impaired visual system and in situations where there is a threat of visual overload. Touch-based BCIs may be a viable alternative but they have hardly been explored so far. This paper presents the state-of-the-art in touch-based BCIs. The feasibility of tactile BCIs based on event related brain potentials to localized vibrations has been shown and tactile BCIs based on steady state brain responses to different vibration frequencies can compete with their gaze-free visual counterparts. We recommend the development of specific hardware paradigms and classification algorithms to improve performance further. © 2014 IEEE. Bayer; Disney Research; et al.; immersion; INTUITIVE Surgical; VIVI Touch Subject Human PerformancesPCS - Perceptual and Cognitive SystemsELSS - Earth, Life and Social SciencesPerceptionBCIBMIBrain Computer InterfaceBrain Machine InterfaceP300SSSEPTactileTouchHandicapped personsHapticsBrain computer interface To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:ccdae059-3c8d-48c8-9a82-e33fcaa8e87d DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/haptics.2014.6775488 TNO identifier 503238 Publisher IEEE Computer Society ISBN 9781479931316 ISSN 2324-7355 Source 2014 IEEE Haptics Symposium, HAPTICS 2014, 23 February 2014 through 26 February 2014, Houston, TX, 397-401 Document type conference paper Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.