Print Email Facebook Twitter Large area 140 cm2 perovskite solar modules made by sheet to sheet and roll to roll fabrication with 14.5% efficiency Title Large area 140 cm2 perovskite solar modules made by sheet to sheet and roll to roll fabrication with 14.5% efficiency Author di Giacomo, F.D. Fledderus, H. Gorter, H. Kirchner, G. Vries, I.D. Dogan, I. Verhees, W. Zardetto, V. Najafi, M. Zhang, D. Lifka, H. Galagan, Y. Aernouts, T. Veenstra, S. Groen, P. Andriesse, R. Publication year 2018 Abstract The industrialization of perovskite solar cells (PSC) require processes to efficiently deposit the constituent layers over large areas. In this work we optimized the use of slot die coating process for both sheet-to-sheet (S2S) and roll-to-roll (R2R) manufacturing. Particular focus have been put on the control of the uniformity of perovskite crystallization by tailoring the ink formulation and the drying process in order to avoid any efficiency losses over an area increase of 3 orders of magnitude (from 0.09 to 144 cm2). In this way we were able to fabricate 144 cm2 modules with 13.8% stabilized efficiency on aperture area on glass (14.5% on active area). At the same time, by developing the R2R slot die deposition process of the perovskite layer, we demonstrated 160 cm2 flexible module with 10.1 % stabilized efficiency on aperture area (11.0% on active area). In addition, fully R2R coated cells exhibit up to 16% efficiency. An outlook on how to upscale more stable perovskite cells (i.e. with pin structure) will be given. These results prove how to optimize the upscaling process towards large area manufacturing of perovskite solar modules on both rigid and flexible substrate. © 2018 IEEE. Subject Energy conversionFabricationPerovskitePerovskite solar cellsSolar cellsSubstratesDeposition processFlexible modulesOrders of magnitudePerovskite layersRigid and flexible substratesRoll-to-roll fabricationSlot-die coatingsStabilized efficiencySolar cell arrays To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:aa8f0e0a-9cdd-4886-86c7-f211668fc7fc DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/pvsc.2018.8548157/ TNO identifier 861673 Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. ISBN 9781538685297 Source 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018 - A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC and 34th EU PVSEC, 7th IEEE World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018, 10 June 2018 through 15 June 2018, 2795-2798 Article number 8548157 Document type conference paper Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.