Animal products and K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations in colon carcinomas
van Kraats, A.A.
van Muijen, G.N.P.
van 't Veer, P.
Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
K-ras gene mutations (codons 12 and 13) were determined by PCR-based mutant allele-specific amplification (MASA) in tumour tissue of 185 colon cancer patients: 36% harboured mutations, of which 82% were located in codon 12. High intakes of animal protein, calcium and poultry were differently associated with codon 12 and 13 mutations: odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for codon 12 versus codon 13 were 9.0 (2.0-42), 4.1 (1.4-12) and 15 (1.4-160), respectively. In case-control comparisons, high intakes of animal protein and calcium were positively associated with colon tumours harbouring codon 12 mutations [for animal protein per 17 g, OR (95% CI) = 1.5 (1.0-2.1); for calcium per 459 mg, 1.2 (0.9-1.6)], while inverse associations were observed for tumours with K-ras mutations in codon 13 [for animal protein 0.4 (0.2-1.0); for calcium 0.6 (0.3-1.2)]. Transition and transversion mutations were not differently associated with these dietary factors. These data suggest a different dietary aetiology of colon tumours harbouring K-ras codon 12 and 13 mutations Chemicals/CAS: Calcium, Dietary; Codon; Dietary Fats; Dietary Proteins; DNA Adducts; DNA, Neoplasm
To reference this document use:
Case control study
Major clinical study
Oncogene K ras
Polymerase chain reaction
DNA Mutational Analysis
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Carcinogenesis, 21 (2), 307-309