Print Email Facebook Twitter Thermal state of the Roer Valley Graben, part of the European Cenozoic Rift System Title Thermal state of the Roer Valley Graben, part of the European Cenozoic Rift System Author Luijendijk, E. ter Voorde, M. van Balen, R. Verweij, H. Simmelink, E. Publication year 2011 Abstract We performed a detailed analysis of the thermal state of the Cenozoic Roer Valley Graben, the north-western branch of the European Cenozoic Rift System, based on a new set of temperature data. We developed a numerical technique for correcting bottom hole temperatures, including an evaluation of the uncertainty of thermal parameters. Comparison with drill stem test temperatures indicated that the uncertainty in corrected bottom hole temperatures using a two-component numerical model is approximately ± 4°C, which is much more accurate than the up to 15°C errors encountered in often-used line-source or Horner correction methods. The subsurface temperatures and the derived regional heat flow estimates of 53 ± 6 to 63 ± 6mWm-2 show no significant difference between the central rift and the adjacent structural highs. The absence of an elevated heat flow is attributed to the low amount of lithospheric thinning during the Cenozoic rifting phase (β=1.06-1.15). A local thermal anomaly exceeding +10°C was found in five wells in the north-western part of the rift basin at depths of 1000-1500m, and is most likely caused by the upward flow of fluids along faults, whereas lower temperatures in the upper 1500m in the southern part of the rift basin could indicate cooling by topography-driven groundwater flow. Conflicting ideas exist on the active or passive rifting mechanisms responsible for the formation of the different rift basins of European Cenozoic Rift System. The low spatial variation in heat flow found in this study suggests that the mechanism responsible for forming the Roer Valley Graben is passive rifting. © 2010 The Authors. Basin Research © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers and International Association of Sedimentologists. Subject Earth & EnvironmentPG - Petroleum GeosciencesEELS - Earth, Environmental and Life SciencesGeosciencesCenozoiccrustal thinningformation mechanismheat flowheat fluxheat sourceheat transfernumerical modelriftingthermal evolutionRur Valley GrabenCalluna vulgaris To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:68f0ce02-3d78-4f26-af8f-90df5b71150f TNO identifier 427570 ISSN 0950-091X Source Basin Research, 23 (1), 65-82 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.