A model of psychological resilience for the Netherlands Armed Forces
van den Berg, C.
In the current study, a model of psychological resilience was developed for the Netherlands Armed Forces and a number of important relations were tested using a longitudinal design. The model of resilience was based on a systematic literature review of resilience in high-risk professions and interviews with military domain experts. The model identifies a total of 25 resilience enhancing factors on 5 different levels: the individual, the home front, the team, the leader, and the organization. In addition, the model specifies different outcomes of resilience for different phases in the military deployment cycle (e.g., training, deployment, post deployment). To assess the relative importance of 5 different resources (one for each of the levels) in the different phases, regression analyses were conducted on data collected from three Dutch Task Forces that were part of the NATO mission ISAF in 2009-2010, assessing resources for resilience pre and during deployment, and somatic complaints post deployment. Results of the analyses indicated that the relative importance of the resources differed pre and during deployment. The most important pre deployment resources for post deployment resilience were self-efficacy, social support, leadership, and management of expectations. During deployment group cohesion became the most important resource for post deployment resilience whereas management of expectations did no longer predict post deployment resilience. These analyses illustrate that the relative importance of different resources varies with the phases of deployment. This knowledge can be used to better support service members’ resilience by targeting specific resources in different phases of the deployment cycle.
To reference this document use:
Defence, Safety and Security
HOI - Human Behaviour & Organisational Innovations TPI - Training & Performance Innovations
BSS - Behavioural and Societal Sciences
54th International Military Testing Association Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia
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