Print Email Facebook Twitter Recombinant adenoviral vectors have adjuvant activity and stimulate T cell responses against tumor cells Title Recombinant adenoviral vectors have adjuvant activity and stimulate T cell responses against tumor cells Author Geutskens, S.B. van der Eb, M.M. Plomp, A.C. Jonges, L.E. Cramer, S.J. Ensink, N.G. Kuppen, P.J.K. Hoeben, R.C. Publication year 2000 Abstract The host-immune response against adenoviruses forms a major obstacle for their use as gene therapy vectors for treatment of genetic defects. None the less, they are the preferred vectors for in vivo gene transfer in experimental gene therapy protocols for cancer. In this article we demonstrate the antitumor efficacy of adenovirus-mediated transfer of human interleukin-2 cDNA in the rat-CC531 model for hepatic metastases of colorectal cancer: intratumoral administration of 108 plaque-forming units of the hIL-2-expressing adenoviral vector, AdCAIL-2, resulted in a cessation of tumor growth in 80% of the injected tumors. In control groups receiving AdCnull, a vector with the same viral backbone, but lacking transgene expression, none of the tumors responded. However, intratumoral treatment with this vector significantly enhanced tumor regression induced by systemic IL-2 protein treatment, which was used as a positive control. In addition we show, by performing delayed-type of hypersensitivity assays, that AdCnull when injected intratumorally enhances recognition of tumor antigens by T lymphocytes to the same extent as intratumoral treatment with the IL-2-expressing vector. The replication-deficient adenoviruses appear to have a therapeutic advantage in cytokinemediated immunotherapy: even adenovirus vectors that do not express a transgene, show adjuvant activity and stimulate an antitumor immune response. Chemicals/CAS: Histocompatibility Antigens Class I; Histocompatibility Antigens Class II; Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, 126547-89-5; Interleukin-2 Subject Cancer gene therapyIL-2Recombinant adenoviruscomplementary DNAcytokinerecombinant interleukin 2tumor antigenvirus vectorAdenovirusAnimal cellAnimal experimentAnimal modelAntigen recognitionAntineoplastic activityCancer inhibitionColorectal cancerControlled studyDelayed hypersensitivityDNA transferGene expressionGene therapyimmune responseImmunotherapyLiver metastasisLymphocyte activationNonhumanRat strainT lymphocyteTransgeneTumor cellTumor regressionVirus plaqueVirus recombinantVirus replicationAdenoviridaeAnimalsColorectal NeoplasmsFlow CytometryGene TherapyGenetic VectorsHistocompatibility Antigens Class IHistocompatibility Antigens Class IIHumansIntercellular Adhesion Molecule-1Interleukin-2Liver Neoplasms, ExperimentalLymphocyte ActivationRatsRats, Inbred StrainsT-LymphocytesTumor Cells, CulturedAdenoviridaeAnimaliaDNA viruses To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:370274f3-8818-41a4-9ceb-914a07d84c43 TNO identifier 235660 ISSN 0969-7128 Source Gene Therapy, 7 (16), 1410-1416 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.