Vitality at work and its associations with lifestyle, self-determination, organizational culture, and with employees' performance and sustainable employability
van Scheppingen, A.R.
de Vroome, E.M.M.
ten Have, K.C.J.M.
van Mechelen, W.
BACKGROUND: Vitality at work is an important factor for optimal functioning and sustainable employability. To date, knowledge on how to promote vitality at work is fragmented. OBJECTIVE: Contribute to knowledge on how to promote vitality at work. METHODS: Determinants of vitality at work are identified from three scientific fields, and used in a comprehensive model. Regression analyses on cross-sectional data from a Dutch dairy company (N = 629) are performed to examine the associations between these factors, vitality at work, and employees' perceived effective personal functioning and sustainable employability. RESULTS: Vitality at work is most strongly associated with basic psychological needs of self-determination, but also with healthy lifestyle behavior, having a balanced workstyle, and social capital. Vitality at work is also associated with effective personal functioning and with sustainable employability. CONCLUSIONS: The study confirms the multifactorial nature of vitality at work. Since organizational culture may support self-determination, and cultural aspects themselves are positively associated with vitality, organizational culture seems particular important in promoting vitality at work. Additionally, a healthy lifestyle appears important. The associations between vitality at work and effective personal functioning and sustainable employability endorse the combined health-based, business-related and societal importance of vitality at work. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
Life Urban Mobility & Environment
To reference this document use:
WHC - Work, Health and Care UES - Urban Environment & Safety
ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences
Work and Employment
Balanced work style
Basic psychological needs
Work, 52 (1), 45-55